Trends in Water Use and Quality Since 1990 (chapter from Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990) OECD agricultural water use rose by 2% over the period 1990-92 to 2001-03. Drying Wells, Rising Stakes : Towards Sustainable Agricultural Groundwater Use. » Access the OECD.stat database on water-use and quality in OECD countries. The ABS is continuing to monitor potential impacts from natural disasters and COVID-19 across its agricultural collections for the 2019-20 reference year and beyond. This Statistics Explained article is outdated and has been archived - for recent articles on Environment, see here Industry is one of the main water users in Europe, accounting for about 40 % of total water abstractions. Withdrawals for livestock were about the same in 2015 as in 2010. 96. The vast majority of irrigated water use is controlled by regulations and licences. The majority of water used on farms was applied to pastures and crops. Your information may also be used by Statistics Canada for other statistical and research purposes. This report analyses trends in agriculture for the US Southwest region, one of the most water stressed and productive agricultural regions in the world expected to face further water shortages in the future due to climate change and continued growth. This will probably have to be achieved with less water, mainly because of pressure from growing urbanisation, industrialisation and climate change. Water Quality and Agriculture: Meeting the Policy Challenge. Belgium, for example, uses 80% of the water available for industry. The exercise strove to identify what agro-food companies consider as prevalent agricultural water risks and how they have acted against those risks. 8 million megalitres of water was used in agricultural production (down 24% from 2017-18) 7.2 million megalitres of water was applied to crops and pastures (down 26%) 2 million hectares of agricultural land was irrigated (down 15%) 21,900 farms applied water to their land (down 2%) It looks at recent trends and prospects for water pollution from agriculture and the implications of climate change. Statistics Canada will also use the survey results to report on total water use by sector in Canada. This chapter looks at the challenges and options facing policy makers. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), water used for irrigation accounts for nearly 65 percent of the world’s freshwater withdrawals excluding thermoelectric power (1). The analysis shows that exogenous factors and reform design features that may facilitate the adoption of reforms. On 9 November 2016, the OECD, in partnership with the Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands, organised a workshop on Managing water risks for agriculture: a discussion with the private sector, at the OECD headquarters, Paris, with the objective to engage into a public-private discussion on future water risk assessment and innovative responses in the agro-food sector. The geographical scale and scope of a reform, the dynamic pattern of reform pathways, and compensation for farmers, also contribute to shape the reform’s outcome. Climate change is expected to increase the frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events, notably of droughts and floods to which the agriculture sector is particularly exposed. 4627.0) will be available on request from the second half of 2020. The researchers developed methods that allowed them to map the area under irrigated agriculture, while also estimating the volume of water used. This New York Times article on agricultural water use in California suggests that we’re shipping 100 billion gallons of water a year to China in the form of alfalfa. Groundwater was the source for 62 percent of total livestock withdrawals. Agriculture contracted by 1.11 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016. 4610.0.55.008). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Â©
The People’s Republic of China, India and the United States are identified as countries facing the greatest water risks for agriculture production globally. This report develops the hotspot approach, provides an application at the global scale, and presents a mitigation policy action plan. Water waste in agriculture The gap between water supplies and water demand is increasing in many areas of the world: in those areas already suffering water lacking, increasing drought will be the major constraint to agricultural agriculture (5 per cent) mining and oil and gas extraction (3 per cent) The report noted that total household water use was down 16 per cent compared with 2005 data. The discrepancies between the two sources of data namely, Livestock Census and State reports with regard to data on fishermen, fishing craft and gear should be reconciled by adoption of uniform concepts and definitions and review of these statistics at the … Here we see large variations geographically and by income level. » Read the policy note summarising the findings of the report, » See also OECD country profiles on policies to manage agricultural groundwater use, Climate Change, Water and Agriculture: Towards Resilient Systems. Agricultural Water Use in Canada – 2010 Table of contents – continued 7 Total irrigated area by crop type, 2010 25 7-1 Province or region 25 7-2 Drainage region 25 8 Average irrigated area per irrigated farm by crop type, 2010 26 8-1 Agriculture was the single largest water-consuming industry, accounting for … The volume of water used by irrigated agriculture has been estimated to be between 51% and 63% of total water available. Supporting the report Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990, this database features statistics on the impact of agriculture on the quality and use of water in OECD member countries. It assesses the costs and benefits of agriculture's impact on water systems, and contains a number of case studies on agriculture and water pollution at the regional (European Union, the Baltic Sea) and national (France, Britain and Australia) levels as well as in specific areas (Lake Taupo, New Zealand and Chesapeake Bay, United States). It also faces the enormous challenge of producing almost 50% more food by 2030 and doubling production by 2050. 4610.0). Withdrawals for livestock use were an estimated 2,000 Mgal/d for 2015, less than 1 percent of total freshwater withdrawals. UN-Water, through its web site unwater.org (2011c), summarized how water is used worldwide: 70% of the world’s freshwater is used in agriculture, 22% by industry, and 8% for domestic use. Indeed, drought and flood risks are likely to become a major policy concern as increasing population will increase the demand for food, feed, fibre, and energy, not to mention the competition for water resources, and urbanisation will increase the demand for flood protection and mitigation, raising the issue of the allocation of flood risks across sectors and areas. During this time, annual water use by households and industry was between 16,000 and 19,700 GL, and households’ expenditure on distributed water grew from $4.3 billion to $5.3 billion. But the competition for water is increasing and the costs of water pollution can be high. Final estimates of agricultural water use, irrigation water sources and expenditure. Water risk hotspots for agriculture: The case of the southwest United States OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. By 2050, the global water demand of agriculture is estimated to increase by a further 19% due to irrigational needs. Water and agriculture involve two key interrelated issues: Water quality is a measure of the suitability of water for a particular use based on selected physical, chemical, or biological characteristics. More related OECD data, analysis and publications: For questions on OECD work on water use in agriculture, contact the Trade & Agriculture Directorate. Outside of meat production, it’s being pointed out that raising crops in California, with its abundant sunshine and lack of water, may not be as good a business model as it was in year’s past. Governments need to improve the economic efficiency and environmental effectiveness of policies that seek to improve water resource use efficiency and reduce water pollution from agricultural systems. This report analyses eight past water and agriculture policy changes in OECD countries with the aim to identify steps towards adopting and implementing such solutions effectively. Consult the papers, presentations and outcomes of the workshop. no. Blogs, articles and videos based on OECD work on agriculture and water: Reforming water policies in agriculture: Lessons from past reforms OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. It also faces the enormous challenge of producing This report analyses the impacts of agriculture in OECD member countries on water, air, soil, biodiversity and other environmental themes. Trends in Water Use and Quality Since 1990 (chapter from Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990) OECD agricultural water use rose by … It also faces the enormous challenge of producing almost 50% more food by 2030 and doubling production by 2050. The source of this data was the Department for Environment, Food A nation is considered water deficient if the per capita availability falls below 1700 cubic meters per person. In industrialized nations, however, industries consume more than half of the water available for human use. The Water … Even if accurate, the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that more than 46% of U.S. land is used for agriculture, making it the largest use of land in the country. There are however trade-offs between the effects of these factors on the reform’s ambition, effectiveness, efficiency, and flexibility. Water is also of value to other industries, … Of the additional irrigation water purchased during 2018-19: Australian farms used a total of 8 million megalitres of water taken from various sources including: Impacts of drought are evident in agricultural activity estimates for the 2018-19 reference year across a number of the ABS' agricultural collections, including Water Use on Australian Farms. Final estimates for land management, similar to those previously published in Land Management and Farming, Australia (cat. ISBN 978-92-64-08345-5 51 2010 02 1 P-:HSTCQE=U]XYZZ: Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Agriculture Agriculture is the major user of water in most countries. The report provides a characterisation of the diversity of groundwater systems, reviews policies in OECD countries, and proposes a package of recommendations to ensure that groundwater can sustain its services to agriculture and contribute to climate change adaptation. Water as a resource Water resources refer to the freshwater available for use in a territory and include surface waters (lakes, rivers and streams) and groundwater.Renewable water resources are calculated as the sum of internal flow (which is precipitation minus actual … Many farming areas across Australia experienced drought throughout 2019, with New South Wales and Queensland particularly impacted. For more information on the expected economic impacts of the Bushfire and COVID-19, please see the ABS Chief Economist Series paper Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy. While agricultural productivity growth and policy development have allowed to better cope with these risks and reduce overall impacts on the sector and commodity markets, there is substantial room to improve policy responses and co-ordinate across policy domains, including with respect to water rights and allocation, weather and hydrological information, innovation and education, and insurance and compensation schemes. Agriculture uses 50-70% of the water consumed in Australia per annum and irrigation uses 90% of that. Estimates are presented at Australia, state & territories levels. Water is used in the production process (e.g. And, not all of that land is ideally suited for farming, or is used to farm crops that need large quantities of water. China's water use 2018, by type Drinking water: daily per capita consumption in Germany 1990-2018 Water in China: water use per GDP 2003-2013 … Statistics show that total water use has increased by 2.7 billion cubic meters since 1975, a 3.1 billion cubic meter decrease in water for industry, and a 5.0 billion cubic meter increase in water … 113. To assist policy makers in addressing this challenge, OECD indicators and analysis contribute to formulating policy responses that will move agriculture towards the sustainable management of water. no. Managing Water Resources in the Agricultural Sector (chapter from Managing Water for All: An OECD Perspective on Pricing and Financing) Water resources management in agriculture is complex, covering a diverse range of farming systems, climatic conditions, sources of water, property rights, institutional arrangements, and cultural and social contexts. Annual statistics about agriculture in the United Kingdom to 2018. Southeast Asia’s exposure to increasingly frequent and intense weather-related disasters is a growing concern for agricultural producers of the region. Drought conditions meant reduced water availability for many Australian farming businesses in 2018-19. Almost two thirds (62%) of Australia's total water use for irrigation was within the Murray Darling Basin region where there was: Cotton, pastures for grazing and fruit and nut trees used 63% of the water applied in this region: While expenditure on additional water purchased on a temporary basis reached a record high level in 2018-19, volumes purchased were down. Final estimates from the ABS' annual agricultural survey are available each year in this publication (Water Use on Australian Farms) as well as in a number of other ABS publications. World agriculture faces an enormous challenge over the next 40 years: to produce almost 50% more food up to 2030 and double production by 2050. Aquaculture water use is water associated with raising organisms that live in water—such as finfish and shellfish—for food, restoration, conservation, or sport. This book examines linking policies, farm management and water quality. Managing weather-related disasters in Southeast Asian Agriculture. For the 2018-19 reference period, there are two changes to collection outputs. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provides a wide range of datasets, information and reports. Groundwater has provided great benefits to agriculture irrigation in semi-arid OECD countries, but its intensive use beyond recharge in certain regions has depleted resources and generated significant negative environmental externalities. This study reviews policy approaches to droughts, floods and typhoons in Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam in an effort to identify good practices and strengthen the resilience of the agricultural sector. 106 footprinting, water footprints of livestock supply chains, animal science, soil science, agriculture science, 107 hydrology, capacity development, and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Click the chart to magnify The importance of agricultural water withdrawal is highly dependent on both climate and the place of agriculture in the economy. Irrigators need an authorised allocation to extract specified amounts of water from rivers or bores (groundwater) or from irrigation supply systems. Farming accounts for around 70% of water used in the world today and also contributes to water pollution from excess nutrients, pesticides and other pollutants. Final estimates of the gross value of agricultural commodities that are produced with the assistance of irrigation data will no longer be released in Gross Value of Irrigated Agricultural Production (cat.