It was finally ready for use not too long after the introduction of the M1. The ceramic is extremely hard, but shatters when hit by a shaped charge. Weighing in at 55 tons, it had a high degree of mobility with a Honeywell AGT1500C multi-fuel turbine engine, generating 1500 hp and giving the tank a top speed of 45 mph (72.5 km/h). machine gun. This is a British invention, used on the UK’s Challenger tanks, but it was actually the Abrams that first used it. The main gun is controlled by a targeting computer that works incredibly fast. Now we get into the main reason for the M1’s existence. The M2 packs a serious punch, and it adds much more serious close-range firepower than the M240. Abrams M1A2 SEPV3 (System Enhanced Package) is a modernised configuration of the Abrams main battle tank (MBT) in service with the US Army. Evidence of this comes from the only time that M1s have really been engaged in large-scale tank-on-tank combat, during the 1991 Persian Gulf War. General Dynamics has been working on a diesel replacement for the turbine engine, but there are no immediate plans to put it into any tanks. Hello, I am SPC Jacob Joseph, a 92F with the United States Army Reserve and a Top Speed contributor. All Rights Reserved, � Copyright TopSpeed. Tank interiors have come a long way in the roughly 100 years they have existed, but it is still no place for the claustrophobic. It also looks like you would need a M1 Mine Roller attachment plate as well. Tank interiors have come a long way in the roughly 100 years they have existed, but it is still no place for the claustrophobic. So when Chrysler got the contract to built a new main battle tank, it finally found a use for the technology. Balancing out this disadvantage is the fact that the turbine engine is smaller, lighter, more reliable, requires far less maintenance and can run on basically anything that will burn. Just think about that for a second, one model of tank in service for a minimum of 70 years. Speed is another factor that works to the tank’s advantage, being capable of up to 30 mph cross-country and 45 mph on roads. It can be built w/out the SEP parts though if needed. The Army is now engineering a far-superior M1A2 SEP v4 Abrams tank variant for the 2020s and beyond. Earlier U.S. military vehicles, used from World War I through the Vietnam War, used a scheme of "olive drab", often with large white stars. Th… There are usually two 7.62mm M240 machine guns as well, one for the loader and one coaxial gun operated by the gunner. The M1A2 Abrams is powered by Avco Lycoming (now Honeywell) AGT1500 gas turbine engine, developing 1 500 horsepower. Troops can ride on top of the tank as transportation when not in combat, but the high temperature of the exhaust means that they cant stand behind it for cover. 16.18 kW/tonne (21.7 hp/tonne) Suspension. U.S. Marines M1A1 Tanks demonstrate their speed as they travel on a road through a Nordic forest during exercise Cold Response 16. An M1 Abrams does a quick speed and maneuverability demo for kids outside of the MATES yard at Camp Shelby, Mississippi This works to the M1’s advantage, as the enemy doesn’t always know that the tank is approaching until it’s too late. Not a single M1 was destroyed by enemy fire, and while this is partly a testament to the effectiveness of the tank’s armor, the main reason was that almost none of them were ever hit by enemy fire. In addition to the Chobham armor, the M1 has reactive armor for additional protection from shaped charges as well as less sophisticated weapons like RPGs (rocket-propelled grenades). So Chrysler worked with Lycoming initially to develop the engine, before production was eventually taken over by Honeywell. There is an option of a second M2, also coaxial and remotely operated for M1’s that have been outfitted for urban warfare. The M1A2 brings with it are several new ammunition types and an independent commander’s panoramic sight with thermal vision. The Abrams M1A2 Tank is built to confront and destroy enemy forces using unrivaled firepower, maneuverability and shock effect. torsion bar. Categories Military Vehicles Army Vehicles Marine Corps Vehicles Tanks Army Equipment Marine Corps Equipment. 56 km/h or 35 mph; 40 km/h off-road; 7.2 km/h in water. It is named after General Creighton Abrams, former Army Chief of Staff and Commander of U.S. military forces in the Vietnam War from 1968 to 1972. The T-90 weights around 47 tons compare to the M1A2 which weights around 70 tons. Gas Turbine : provide a smoother acceleration, compared to an ordinary diesel The M1 has a crew of four, a commander, a driver, a gunner and a loader. Some units painted their M1s with the older Mobility Equipment Research and Design Command (MERDC) 4-color paint scheme but the turn-in requirements for these tanks require… The M1A2 Abrams has a crew of 4: a driver, a gunner, a loader, and a commander who pulls double duty as a machine gunner. The M1A2 is an evolution of the M1, having been updated over the years since it was first introduced back in 1980. It can be unlocked from the M1A2 Abrams, and leads to M48 GAU-8 . I normally review cars, but for Veteran’s Day I will be telling you about the M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tank. There are low cost elements of the M1A2 program which should be adopted. Highly mobile, designed for modern armored ground warfare, the M1 is well armed and heavily armored. The first was a British system, a 105mm rifled gun that was in use on the British Centurion tank. Maximum Speed: 42 mph. The new version offers enhanced protection and survivability, as well as higher lethality than its predecessors. The M1 is one of the few tanks in the world equipped with a ceramic composite armor known as Chobham. The M1A2 is 32.04 ft (9.77 m; including main gun … As for Russia and its T-90, it has a lower profile, a higher top speed, a longer operational range, and at 46.5 tons, weighs a full 16.5 tons less than the 63 ton US behemoth. 483 km or 300 mi. With its manually loaded, 120-mm M256 smooth bore cannon, the M1A2 can fire a variety of different rounds against armored vehicles, personnel and … Despite the weight increase however, the top speed remains identical to that of the M1A1 - 42.25 mph (68 km/h). This sounds pretty advanced, but then the military plans on using the M1 through at least 2050. As far as the former is concerned, the M1A2 will receive access to the new M830A1 HEAT-MP-T round. It served for over a decade alongside the improved M60A3, which had entered service in 1978. "According to various sources, between 30 and 47 Abrams have been lost from last autumn to the present in northern Iraq" in the ongoing campaign against Daesh. This proved to have an inadequate range and lethality for newer (at the time) tanks like the T-72. As of 2009, the M1A3 was under development. The drivetrain of the M1 is one of the more unusual features found on the tank. The main armament is a 120mm smooth bore cannon, which replaced the 105mm gun on the initial M1 version. The large white insignia stars have also transitioned to much smaller black markings. Weighing nearly 68 short tons (almost 62 metric tons), it is one of the heaviest main battle tanks in service. This is theoretically useful against infantry attack, but it tends to be used more for breaching concrete barriers and destroying ambush positions. Feb 15, 2016 - High quality images of the military (from all countries). The M1 uses a Honeywell AGT1500 multi-fuel turbine engine that produces 1,500 horsepower. It has day/night fire on the move capability which is provided by a laser range finder, thermal imaging night sight, optical day sight, and a digital ballistic computer. All Rights Reserved, Introducing the $1000 TopSpeed Student Scholarship. A version of the engine was adapted for helicopter use, but was never actually put into any vehicles, meaning that the M1 is the only vehicle that uses this engine. The M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank, named after General Creighton Abrams, entered service in 1980 and remains the United States’ front line tank as the M1A2 (from 1992). The safety of the crew is of primary concern, and the whole interior is designed around this objective. Despite it's weight, the M1 can attain a top speed of nearly 45 miles per hour. GPS systems cost as little as $100 on the commercial market, and even the top-line military versions cost only $5000. The theoretical work on this was done in the Soviet Union in the late ’40s, but a German-Israeli collaboration in the late ’60s produced the first meaningful results in the field. Thanks to the M1’s superior range and targeting capability, not to mention night vision equipment, enemy tanks were destroyed before they had a chance to fire a single shot. The Abrams is named after General Creighton Abrams, former Army Chief of Staff, as part of the American tradition of naming tanks after famous generals in history. Continue reading to learn more about the M1A2 Abrams. There is a fire suppression system as well, activated by a T-handle and the each have a hand-held fire extinguisher. Maximum speed. It is a multi-fuel engine, which can run on any grade of petrol, diesel, aviation fuel or kerosene. Operational. It is powered by a Honeywell AGT1500 multi-fuel turbine that can produce up to 1,500hp and will drive the tank to a top speed of 67kmh. Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display, © Copyright TopSpeed. Prototypes, early production M1 (105 mm gun) and M1-IP models switched to a flat forest green paint scheme. Range: 265 mi. The contract to produce the M1 initially went to Chrysler Defense, but this was acquired by General Dynamics shortly after production began, and the bulk of the 10,000 units produced have been made under General Dynamics ownership. Development of the M1 began in 1972 as a replacement for the M60 Patton. The engine does sound very different from the usual diesel powered tanks, and is much quieter as well. For dealing with infantry, the M1 has a variety of secondary weapons. Crew: 4. It’s still an unusual choice, but to understand it, we have to look all the way back to the ’60s. Because ceramic armor shatters when hit, the cracks break apart the jet of the shaped charge in a way that older steel armor doesn’t. The M1 remains one of the most advanced, albeit also heavy and expensive, tanks in the world. Another set of improvements are known to be in the works for an M1A3, but at the moment, it is the A2 that forms the backbone of the US’s tank arsenal. The original M1 Abrams was armed with a 105 mm M68A1 rifled cannon and was the US military’s first vehicle that was deployed with base composite armor. The M1 has a crew of four, a commander, a driver, a gunner and a loader. This not only has a better range, but is also able to use a wider variety of ammunition. Specifications include a top road speed of 42 miles per hour and a top off-road speed of 30 miles per hour - in this respect, it was not uncommon to hear Abrams tank crews describe their mount as the "Cadillac of tanks". America's Once And Future Tank: The U.S. New M1A2 SEP v.4 "Super" Abrams. Shock absorbers M1 began in 1972 as a replacement for the correct display! 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