White washed Eucalyptus floor. The sapwood is not always easy to distinguish from the heartwood. The wood is not as hard as blue gum, being moderately hard at 5.8 kN when dry. Brooker, M. I. H. & Kleinig, D. A. Eucalyptus is a Greek word “eukalyptos.” It means “well-enclosed.” This refers to the plant’s flower bud that is enclosed inside of a capsule. The heartwood of shining gum is not sufficiently durable for external use (class 4). Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. The texture is moderately coarse. It grows in wet forests and rainforest margins on fertile soils in cool, high-rainfall areas. Both it and Eucalyptus ovata, the swamp gum, grow in quite moist soil (but not West Coast pakihi) and tolerate a -8°C frost, and while their firewood is good, the timber isn’t, and E. nitens … Dr Taylor stated at the time of its installation that "No scientific evidence has been presented to confirm the drinking water in St Helens was unsafe for human health before this precaution was taken". The timber is mainly used in general construction but is beginning to be used in furniture where the discolourations may be a feature.[13]. Solid timber for joinery products is generally supplied as ‘clear finish grade' but ‘paint grade' options are available and these are usually comprised of a composite material like MDF or glulam. nitens and published the description in Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. It is also found on the high tablelands and mountains of southern New South Wales. Bloomings Books, Melbourne, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, "Observation on the eucalypts of New South Wales, Part V", "Australian Story :: Something In The Water - Part 2", "Australian Story :: Something In The Water - Part 1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eucalyptus_nitens&oldid=984066714, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:44. Eucalyptus furniture. Developing glulam from fibre-managed plantation Eucalyptus nitens Share Glue laminated timber, commonly known as ‘glulam’, is a highly attractive, versatile structural solution for architects and structural engineers thanks to its ability to achieve long spans and curves, without compromising strength or aesthetic qualities. Its form is desirable, with a straight bole up to two-thirds the height of the tree. Adult leaves are lance-shaped to curved, glossy green, sometimes slightly paler on the lower surface, 100–300 mm (3.9–11.8 in) long and 15–40 mm (0.59–1.57 in) wide, tapering to a petiole 10–40 mm (0.39–1.57 in) long. [14] However, this study did not compare the toxicity of Eucalyptus nitens with other species and it is not known if it is any more or less toxic than other eucalypts. Shining Gum (Eucalyptus nitens) The timber of shining gum, as its name implies, has lustrous qualities. It has smooth white, grey or yellow bark, often with persistent, rough, fibrous or flaky greyish bark near the base. Cabinetry is often associated with joinery and most typically includes, cupboards, benches and other similar ‘built in' furniture. Young plants have sessile leaves arranged in opposite pairs, lance-shaped to egg-shaped or heart-shaped, 65–110 mm (2.6–4.3 in) long and 28–55 mm (1.1–2.2 in) wide with stem-clasping bases. Half the timescale of Ash. Eucalyptus nitens is grown as a commercial plantation species in cool temperate regions around the world, including Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile. Like joinery, cabinetry is generally specified as either paint or clear finish grade and naturally for clear finish grade timbers, appearance and surface finish are critical in achieving a successful application. [10][11] The specific epithet (nitens) is a Latin word meaning "shining", referring to the leaves, flower buds, fruit and bark of this species. ©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products Shining gum is a native Australian hardwood gaining popularity for its versatility, interesting colour and speckled appearance. Pin-hole borer holes and the associated black stains of 'pencil streak' are often present, giving timber a speckled appearance. Out of Stock. It is a popular plantation timber as it can be extremely quick growing. Eucalyptus Nitens € 3.35 Select ... though it was quickly established that Eucalyptus would never produce viable construction timber. Growing eucalypts for timber NZFFA 2015. Branch retention creates a high incidence of features in milled timber for that reason. ... Eucalyptus nitens belongs in Eucalyptus subgenus Symphyomyrtus section Maidenaria, a large group of species … Timber joinery products offer a classic, unique and stylish touch to any interior or exterior design. 7. It is prone to surface checking and requires careful drying and storage because of collapse. It is suitable for general building, flooring, joinery, paneling, furniture and framing. The green density of the timber is 1050 kg/m3 and air-dry density at 12% moisture is about 700 kg/m3. 2007) planted trees at 45 cm in April 2002. Eucalyptus furniture. Major use in pulp industry. Sold Out. There is a wide variety of species to select flooring from and the right species for a given application will be dependent on numerous factors. [8][9] In 1913, Maiden raised the variety to species status as E. nitens, publishing the change in his book, A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus Nitens solid timber; T G and V, or T & G in lengths up to 2.5m, standard width 83mm; For walls and ceilings as panelling; Floors as T & G or parquet; Architraves and mouldings to order; Natural colour is warm blonde, can be coloured or bleached; Ask us about matching your floorboards and skirtings for renovations and extensions. Shining gum timber exhibits some interesting colours making it an appealing product for furniture making. The test material came from a stand planted in 1961 in New Zealand. The flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of seven on an unbranched peduncle 5–15 mm (0.20–0.59 in) long, the individual buds sessile. [17], The claims and all available scientific data relating to the issue were reviewed by an Environment Protection Authority appointed group (established by Premier Bartlett) of eminent scientists from the University of Tasmania, Griffith University, Monash University and CSIRO in the first half of 2010. Ideal for flooring-type uses, and has excellent pulping and bio-energy potential. Eucalyptus Timber 101. Well seasoned timber remains stable throughout its service life. Eucalyptus nitens is a tree that typically grows to a height of 70 m (230 ft), sometimes to 90 m (300 ft) in Victoria, and does not form a lignotuber. Timber from shining gum has a wide range of uses, from pulp to sawn products. Eucalyptus Nitens are a suitable Eucalyptus for costal areas. The smooth bark is shed in long ribbons. It gets its name nitens (meaning shining) from the distinct glossy fruits, which have a varnished appearance, as well as the leaves, buds and bark, which can also appear to shine. ... Eucalyptus nitens. [17] It was conclusively found by them that the water quality of the George River is of excellent standard, the cancer rates within the catchment are no higher than the Tasmanian average, and that any concern raised regarding the toxins in water foam was largely due to erroneous sampling techniques in the aforementioned toxicological studies. It is vulnerable to termites and the sapwood is susceptible to Lyctid borer. When plantation grown, it has the potential to produce sawlogs of select grade material if pruned. This article provides an overview of the installation of solid timber strip flooring over bearers and joists, timber based sheet flooring products and concrete slabs. Timber is very hard and durable with a beautiful creamy-yellow colour. Extracts from Eucalyptus nitens leaves have been found to be toxic to mollusc larvae. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. [15] However, studies commissioned by the Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services found no reliable evidence that people who source water from this river are less healthy than people living elsewhere. [18], After the Australian Story went to air the Tasmanian Director of Public Health, Dr Roscoe Taylor, had had an activated carbon purification system added to the St Helens water treatment plant. [12], In Tasmania Eucalyptus nitens is one of the most important plantation tree species along with Eucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) and Pinus radiata (Monterey pine). New Forests Timber Products is a member of the New Forests Group and operates across the Asia-Pacific region with primary exports from the Australian ports of Burnie, Launceston, and Hobart in Tasmania, Portland in Victoria, and Albany in Western Australia, … New Forests Timber Products is the timber sales agent for New Forests’ Australian hardwood estate. It has smooth greyish bark, sometimes with thin, rough bark near the base, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, white flowers and cup-shaped, barrel-shaped or cylindrical fruit. It is a good quality pulping species, although the wood is of slightly lower density than Tasmanian blue gum and therefore gives lower pulp yields. Search plants here. He gave the term ‘collapse’ to the phenomenon and published his liquid-tension theory. The stand was thinned at age 20 yr from 1100 to 300 stems/ha. 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Phone 021 2110705 All correspondence and small deliveries to the office at 180 Cavendish Road, Casebrook, Christchurch, 8051. In Tasmania Eucalyptus nitens is one of the most important plantation tree species along with Eucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) and Pinus radiata (Monterey pine). Growth rings are also a prominent feature of this timber. The Properties of Eucalyptus Wood. The general workability of shining gum timber is good, as it is not an extremely dense or hard timber. ... Well-proven shelter and fuelwood tree with great cool-climate timber potential. Shining gum trees can reach heights of 70m, and diameters of 1-2m at chest height. Eucalyptus grandis, commonly known as the flooded gum or rose gum, is a tall tree with smooth bark, rough at the base fibrous or flaky, grey to grey-brown.At maturity, it reaches 50 metres (160 feet) tall, though the largest specimens can exceed 80 metres (260 feet) tall. Rare and exotic species such as Teak and Rosewood can generate pieces of outstanding beauty but material cost and availability are also important considerations. When looking to the outdoors, joinery products range from decorative eaves and posts to eye-catching railings. Timber is used for general building construction, flooring, joinery, panelling, furniture and pulp, and the species at times produces a honey flow. Toxicological studies (in six laboratories) reported on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Australian Story program Feb 2010[14][15] found that the surface scum (foam) collected from a river supplying water to a Tasmanian town kills water fleas, mollusc larvae and human cell lines, and it was reported on the same program that "a large increase in cancer sufferers and a lot of people with rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, lupus" might have the same cause. This study aimed to determine the potential for genetic improvement of traits affecting green sawn board recovery in plantation-grown E. nitens. for Guitar – Instrument – Tonal Woods. Eucalyptus gunnii is often considered to be the fastest-growing tree in the British Isles but it is slow when compared to the growth rate achievable by E. nitens.In Oxfordshire Steve Verge (pers. In this study, the physical and mechanical properties of lumber from a 16-year-old pulpwood Eucalyptus nitens H.Deane & Maiden resource from the northeast of Tasmania, Australia was evaluated. The primary species is Eucalyptus nitens. Full Article. Its smooth white or greyish bark is shed in long ribbons. The juvenile leaves have a pleasant fruity smell. Eucalyptus fastigata; E. nitens; E. regnans. comm. Eucalyptus Wood And Timber Tree Plantations. Radio Frequency Vacuum Drying of Eucalyptus nitens Juvenile Wood Rubén A. Ananías, a, * Víctor Sepúlveda-Villarroel, b Natalia Pérez-Peña, b José Torres-Mella, b Linette Salvo-Sepúlveda, a Darwin Castillo-Ulloa, b and Carlos Salinas-Lira c Wood drying is an important process for adding value and manufacturing innovative products. Railway sleepers sawn into feature appearance timber. The products are produced for a variety of internal applications including door and window frames, cabinetry, skirtings, mouldings and architraves. White flowers from May-September are attractive to birds and bees. In Canterbury, along with other cooler regions in New Zealand, E. nitens produces high volumes of sawlog sized stems in relatively short rotations. Eucalyptus Saligna. [16] Furthermore, although the Australian Story programs implied that Eucalyptus nitens plantations were the source of the toxins (which initiated widespread claims that such plantations represented 'toxic plantations' or 'poisonous plantations'), foam samples from native forest catchments devoid of both plantations and Eucalyptus nitens had previously been found to be similarly toxic. More recently varieties such as Gunnii and Cinerea have been grown commercially for floral foliage. The texture of shining gum timber is moderately coarse with a straight grain. The warmth, strength and natural beauty of timber flooring has proved enduringly popular in a wide variety of interior settings. Eucalyptus nitens, shining gum Conditions: dry-moist soils (not wet), will tolerate humidity, frost, cold temperatures ... Good quality timber, very hardy. Eucalyptus goniocalyx var. Many timber species are suitable for joinery products and care should be taken in selecting the perfect timber for the particular product and its intended finish. It has f laky white/grey or yellow bark shedding in long ribbons with a smooth under layer. Timber flooring is typically supplied as either solid timber or laminated wood products, made from layers of bonded timber. The downside of this particular species is that it is one of the least hardy. The pale wood of young trees means the timber can be interchanged with mountain ash. Information relating to species selection, environmental assessment, finish selection and recommended maintenance routines are all provided in this section. The heartwood colour ranges from dark pink to reddish brown. It fits together with a tongue and groove joint and once in place, is sanded and finished. There are two widely disjunct populations at high altitude (around 1,500 m (4,900 ft)) at Barrington Tops and near Ebor in north eastern New South Wales. The timber is mainly used in general construction but is beginning to be used in furniture where the discolourations may be a feature. Tolerates most soils except extremely wet or dry. Wood suitable for making guitars and other wooden instruments. [2], Eucalyptus nitens occurs in Victoria on ranges east and north-east of Melbourne at high altitudes on the east of the Great Dividing Range from the Blue Range, Mt Monda and Mt Torbreck eastwards. The wood is pale pink and straight grained. Shining gum is prevalent in the mountain areas of east Gippsland and south-eastern NSW as well as the northern tablelands of NSW to an altitude of 1600m. Eucalyptus nitens - Shining Gum - A very fast growing Eucalyptus making an excellent choice for coppicing, firewood and timber. Stand: Stand of E. nitens. Sydney Blue Gum is a tall tree, found along the New South Wales coastline extending from Batemans Bay in the south to southern Queensland. The business aims to be the supplier of choice for certified plantation forest products, specialising in the export of hardwood chip from Australian plantations. Shining gum is not particularly durable (class 4) and is not recommended for external use, especially not in-ground. Eucalyptus nitens. In June 2011 an internal ABC investigation found that the programs in question fell short of ABC editorial standards relating to contextual accuracy and balance. It is also beginning to be used for furniture, where its discolouration is seen as a feature. The total area of non-durable eucalypts is around 23,000 hectares. Abstract A study was made of the wood properties (physical, strength and decay resistance) and processing properties (sawmilling, drying, working properties and end-use) of Eucalyptus nitens. It is a popular plantation timber as it can be extremely quick growing. There are numerous species available and Eucalyptus nitens has the most eye catching yields – a trial planted in Kent by John Purse of Prima Bio yielded over 150 oven dry tonnes in eight years. Eucalyptus nitens, commonly known as shining gum or silvertop,[2] is a species of tall tree native to Victoria and eastern New South Wales. The timber is usually straight grained with a small percentage showing some interlocking grain. The heartwood is a straw colour bursting with pink and yellow tints. Choice is in many cases, limited only by imagination. Commercially available species like Tasmanian oak, Australian cypress, spotted gum and the like, often make the more practical choice, with the added benefit that they can be easily matched with other timber products within the building, like flooring. See more Eucalyptus nitens is a cold hardy and fast growing hardwood timber species with excellent form. Shining gum is not self-pruning. High density planting forces rapid terminal top growth and natural in-field branch pruning. Post cut eight sides. A proven performer with excellent natural durability of a heartwood equivalent to H3.2, dimensional stability, high wearing and impact resistant. Very fast-growing. Some eucalyptus trees live up to 1,000 years! Shining gum trees can reach … A series of videos and information notes covering all the main practical aspects of growing eucalypts. Eucalyptus nitens is grown as a commercial plantation species in cool temperate regions around the world, including Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile. It is also considered a good quality pulping species, although not as high yielding as some due to its lower density. A large number of specialist suppliers and producers offer the consumer extensive choice of profiles for all of the most common and popular joinery products. Browse and purchase our Eucalyptus nitens and other products online or instore at Southern Woods. [2][3][4][5][6][7], Shining gum was first formally described in 1899 by Henry Deane and Joseph Maiden, who gave it the name Eucalyptus goniocalyx var. There is increasing interest in managing Eucalyptus nitens plantations for sawn timber production. Red eucalypt timbers (Mahoganies) Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand. The tests were conducted on 318 small wood samples obtained from different logs harvested from the study site. What are other eucalyptus timber uses? Shining Gum. A lot of people like Eucalyptus nitens but I find it usually grows too fast so it blows down easily. Skip to content. Harry D. Tiemann, the American timber expert, was the first to examine in detail the excessive shrinkage in eucalyptus and point out its distinction from normal shrinkage (Tiemann 1913, 1915).