Send mail to email@example.com with questions about this site. Black Gum hardwood tree grows to a reason al by medium height of 70-80 feet tall. At the dawn of spring, when the world lights up in green, the Wildfire Black Gum stands out with deep ruby red … The roots of a black gum tree should to be kept wet, but the tree appreciates a deeper more prolonged watering regiment than other shade trees and it can tolerate soil that gets well soaked, but doesn't stay wet. Blackgum trees are considered one of our most beautiful native trees. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or firstname.lastname@example.org. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Grafting is used to preserve the characteristics of named cultivars. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. 1. Fruit the size of navy beans ripen to a dark blue in fall and are a favorite food to many birds. Blackgum; Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) Although not considered a ‘bread & butter’ shade tree in the nursery industry, black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is well worth the hunt. It also may struggle if planted in the fall. 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, Growing American Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua). It is thought of as one of the five best shade trees … Typically, many slender, horizontally spreading branches grow from a straight trunk and provide this elegant, broadly conical habit. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to 50 ft. tall. Zones 4-9. It has the classic brilliant red fall color we know and love, but its habit is a huge departure from regular Nyssas, with an upright pyramidal shape and extremely uniform branching. Black gum trees generally are deciduous, so you would need both a male and a female for fruit production. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) falls into the category of deciduous trees and can be found in North America. Birds will eat the fruits, but they are not desirable for human consumption. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. And the Green Gable loves moisture, but prefers well-drained soil. Being native to the eastern United States, this tree adapts to extreme climates, tolerates wet conditions, and is drought-resistant. The small blue berries can be a nuisance as they attract birds. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Planting: The Green Gable will need a lot of sunshine to develop a solid root system, so find a place in your yard that gets plenty of sun. It has a taproot, making it difficult to transplant and fire resistant. The Details. It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. Raised leaf spots appear on the leaves and begin to discolor and drop off. Blackgum, also called black tupelo, tupelo gum, or just tupelo, is a tree that loves to grow in water and water-soaked soils. Native from Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this underutilized tree is a ‘hot plant’ for Arkansas. The magnificent fall color is enhanced by siting trees in locations with more direct sunlight. As sweet as Tupelo honey, the black gum is one of our most attractive native trees. Host for the black and white Hebrew Moth. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. Tupelo has many aliases, including “Black Gum,” “Sour Gum,” and “Pepperidge.” If th at last one sounds familiar, it’s probably because tha t’s the tree you see on packages of “ Pepperidge ” Farm® cookies! Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Nyssa sylvatica needs soil that is acidic and that allows water to drain away from the roots. Because black gum is difficult to propagate vegetatively, few selections have been made. The black gum should be planted where there will be full sun to partial shade. You will need to watch the tree over time to see how extensive the damage becomes. Black gum is susceptible to leaf spots caused by a fungus. As the species name hispida indicates, this tree has red bristles on the stems and new … Q: I need to know what the difference is between black gum compared to sweet gum, and how do I identify black gum. Because of its twisted grain, black gum cannot be split so it has been somewhat spared by lumbermen. Park Hill, OK-- Fire Master™ Black Gum is an easy care native shade tree introduced by Garden Debut® in late 2010 with exceptional coloration.In the wild, Black Gum (also known as Tupelo) grows across the entire eastern half of North America but at low densities of 1-3% in native forests. Reproduction is performed through seed germination and the use of cuttings. Types of Black Gum Tree 3 vols. This site was last updated on November 30, 2020. Britton, N.L., and A. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Black gum is one of the best honey-producing trees in the world. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. In summer they are shiny dark green above and downy below. Once the flowers are pollinated, they form into black stone fruits (drupes) that mature in early fall. Throughout the swamps of the South grows a good-sized tree that even the pioneers who made extensive use of wood, left alone. Nyssa sylvatica prefers moist soil and can grow in standing water. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in April – May during leaf set, and while no… Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. Heart rot occurs after a tree has had open wounds occur in the trunk. For best results, you may want to start one from seed in the desired site or choose a young sapling where the taproot will be shorter. Check out some interesting facts about this tree that’s known for its colorful foliage. Get your own Black Gum Tree today! Most woodland critters enjoy munching on these mouth-watering treats as … The Blackgum tree, Nyssa sylvatica, is also known as the Black Tupelo or Sourgum. Dwarf Apple. The alternately arranged, 3-inch long, dark green, glossy leaves and attractive fall color are perhaps the most distinctive features. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. How to Plant Black Gum. Black Gum Tree has strikingly brilliant red to deep purple foliage in the fall. 1913. The national champion black gum (67 feet) is in New Jersey. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! Shop 3.25-gallon blackgum shade tree in pot (lw01684) in the trees section of Lowes.com Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Take out the affected branch to help curb the spread of the fungus. Black Gum - Black Tupelo. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859 (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. You may need to stake up small, young trees if you live in a very windy area. Nyssa sylvatica Tree Dogwood Family. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. Over the years it can be oval, irregular, or horizontal in shape. Separate male and female trees. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. Soil / Climate: Zones 3-9 Black Gum can grow on a variety of soil types but prefers moist, well-drained, acidic deep soils and full sun. Pruning of lower branches is common as they droop when tree is 10 + years of age. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or email@example.com, Black Gum - Nyssa sylvaticaTupelo Family (Nyssaceae). An Equal Opportunity University. Deep rooted, so difficult to transplant when mature. When the black gum is young, it is usually formed into a pyramidal shape. Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. The mature height of the black gum can be 30 to 75 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide, depending on the growing location and climate. Black gum does not usually require much pruning to maintain the tree beyond the standard care of removing parts that have become dead, damaged, or diseased. It is a deciduous hardwood tree, most commonly known for its early display of beautiful yellow, red and purple colored leaves in the fall. The Black Gum shade trees are cold hardy from Canada to Florida. Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. Sprinkle the fertilizer on the soil under the tree to 1 1/2 times the distance from the trunk to the drip line (tips of the branches). The national champion black gum (67 feet) is in New Jersey. Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long. Also known as Black Tupelo, this tree offers a dense buffet of small black berries that are irresistible to songbirds and game birds alike. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. 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