Attentional biases also can influence what people are more likely to look at. Attentional bias refers to how a person's perception is affected by selective factors in their attention. Attentional Bias for Threatening Facial Expressions in Anxiety: Manipulation of Stimulus Duration. From an estimation perspective, the impact of the Attentional Bias is that we are predisposed to identifying problems and risks that we think about regularly, while ignoring other potential issues. Journal of Research in Personality, 38, 15-23. Attentional Bias. (2000). Attentional bias was measured with the Visual Probe Task, in which participants had to react on arrows appearing after pornographic or neutral pictures. The attentional bias is a tendency of our perception to be affected by our recurring thoughts, and there is no better way to visualize it than the example of the yellow car game. Attentional retraining as cognitive bias modification is predicated on the observed attentional bias evident in psychopathology. The dot-probe paradigm is a test used by cognitive psychologists to assess selective attention.. Cognitive bias modification (CBM) refers to procedures used in psychology that aim to directly change biases in cognitive processes, such as biased attention toward threat (vs. benign) stimuli and biased interpretation of ambiguous stimuli as threatening. The attentional bias is also an important one to learn about and notice in one’s decision making. (1998). For instance, patients with anxiety disorders show increased attention to threatening faces in studies using the dot-probe paradigm. Furthermore, tendencies toward IPD were measured using the short-Internetsex Addiction Test. Another paradigm to measure attentional biases is the stroop paradigm. Attentional bias refers to how a person's perception is affected by selective factors in their attention. Attentional bias for valenced stimuli as a function of personality in the dot-probe task. Results indicated attentional control was inversely related to attentional bias. Baron, Jonathan.  Attentional biases may explain an individual's failure to consider alternative possibilities when occupied with an existing train of thought. In addition, participants had to indicate their sexual arousal induced by pornographic pictures. Attentional bias causes a person to process emotionally negative information preferentially over emotionally positive information. Participants were selected after being measured on scales for PTSD, anxiety proneness, attentional control, and attentional bias. References. Attentional biases may explain an individual's failure to consider alternative possibilities when occupied with an existing train of thought. Bradley, B.P. (1986). An individual's construction of reality, not the objective input, may dictate their behavior in the world. Attentional Bias In simple terms, if you think about shoes and pay attention to shoes, you are going to notice more people’s shoes out in the world. The most common task used to retrain attention in psychopathologies is the dot-probe task developed originally by Macleod et al. A cognitive bias is a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment. Individuals create their own "subjective reality" from their perception of the input.