While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. The flowers are about 2 cm wide and have a subtle, cream-colored center instead of the black-eyed one of the Thunbergia alata. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. climbing habit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS), white flower with five spreading petal lobes (Photo: Chris Gardiner), tubular flower from side-on with a pair of leafy bracts at the base (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of flower (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS), immature fruit with a round base and elongated beak (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of immature fruit with small persistent sepals (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of seeds (Photo: Tracey Slotta at USDA PLANTS Database), angel wings, angelwings, fragrant thunbergia, sweet clock vine, sweet clock-vine, sweet clockvine, thunbergia, white clockvine, white lady, white thunbergia, whitelady. The most rarely used plants are medicinal plants such as Sauropus amoebiflorus Airy Shaw, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb., Bridelia retusa Spreng., and Wendlandia tinctoria DC. Space JC, Flynn T, 2002. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm, Randall RP, 2012. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Micronesica Supplement, 6:61-65. Flora of China. its oppositely arranged leaves (4-10 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) have arrow-shaped bases and slightly lobed to almost entire margins. lanceolate) in shape. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands), the Mascarenes (i.e. Flora of Antioquia. This species is declared under legislation in the following states and territories: For information on the management of this species see the following resources: Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is relatively similar to blue trumpet vine (Thunbergia grandiflora), laurel clock vine (Thunbergia laurifolia) and black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata), and very similar to native thunbergia (Thunbergia arnhemica). characteristic features. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Acanthaceae. f., Fl. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Species in the genus Thunbergia have bisexual, zygomorphic, axillary, and usually solitary flowers (Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005). Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. Roxburghia rostrata Russell Roxburghia rostrata Russell ex Nees Homonyms Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Thunbergia laurifolia is a popular ornamental plant in tropical gardens. Distribution Nepal, China, India, Burma, Indochina, Australia and America. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 24:51-108. a vine or creeper with slender four-angled stems that are somewhat hairy when young. Space JC, Flynn T, 2001. Key words: Thunbergia, Distribution, Traditional uses, Assam INTRODUCTION Thunbergia named in 1780 by Retzius, in the honours of Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), a New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela. It has been widely cultivated as an ornamental and now it is cultivated and naturalized in North, Central and South America, the Caribbean and on many islands in the Indian and Pacific Ocean (see distribution table for details; Daniel, 1995, 2001, 2005; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014). A potential weed of closed forests, forest margins, watercourses (i.e. Its pure white flowers distinguish it, however. Within its native distribution range (i.e., India and China), T. fragrans grows in thickets, forest borders, roadsides and scrub jungles from 400-2300 m (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; India Biodiversity, 2014). Hancock I R, Henderson C P, 1988. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Space JC; Flynn T, 2002. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. T. fragrans is an herbaceous vine, twining, 2-3 m in length. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. these flowers have a narrow tube and have five broad petal lobes. T. fragrans grows climbing on other vegetation, and forming a dense blanket. Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. [Proceedings of the California Academy of Science], 61 289-377. List of various diseases cured by Thunbergia Grandiflora. PROTA4U web database. unpaginated. Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka), south-eastern Asia (i.e. The subfamily Thunbergioideae is characterized by a predominantly twining habit, enlarged bracteoles, and a reduced calyx. In the case of T. fragrans, pollinators are unknown, but based on floral traits the species could be considered entomophilous (Starr et al., 2003). Swarbrick JT, 1997. Thunbergia fragrans Name Synonyms Meyenia longiflora Benth. Thunbergia fragrans is a perennial vine, with green, oblong leaves and white flowers, similar in shape to Thunbergia gregorii. T. fragrans is native to India, Southeastern Asia and Malesia (Daniel, 2010; USDA-ARS, 2014). ovate) or somewhat elongated (i.e. The slender, green or reddish coloured stems are square in cross-section (i.e. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 107:1-3348. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. [English title not available]. They have margins that vary from being slightly lobed, to toothed (i.e. 209. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2014. Daniel TF, 2010. Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Smith A C, 1981. 55, 584 pp. Catalog of Honduran Acanthaceae with taxonomic and phytogeographic notes. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Hancock IR; Henderson CP, 1988. hastate) bases. Online database. Species within this family are herbs or woody shrubs, lianas and trees (Stevens, 2012). pubescent) when young. Special qualities: Tolerates drought no Tolerates high humidity no Tolerates seaside conditions no Insect resistant no Disease resistant no Deer resistant no Best uses Symbiosis Attracts butterflies no Attracts hummingbirds no Autumn foliage no Colorful berries no Desirable qualities Other interest Other interest color Other interest period Check List of Hong Kong Plants. Florida), the Caribbean (e.g. New York, USA: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 1104 pp. Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. T. fragrans was probably introduced as an ornamental in the Caribbean during the nineteenth century. vestita Nees. A vine with dark green, entire leaves and fragrant white flowers, widespread in tropical Asia. Borg AJ; McDade LA; Schönenberger J, 2008. In Australia, T. fragrans grows as a weed in riverbanks (i.e., riparian vegetation), closed forests, forest margins, plantation crops, roadsides, urban bushland, disturbed sites and waste areas in tropical and subtropical habitats (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive Plant Species on Niue following Cyclone Heta., 76 pp. The Plant List includes 302 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Thunbergia.Of these 31 are accepted species names. Catalog of Guatemalan Acanthaceae: taxonomy, ecology, and conservation. by Breedlove DE]. Western Australia: Prohibited - on the prohibited species list and not permitted entry into the state. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is widely cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions for its attractive white flowers. Uses Cultivation. Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia. In the West Indies, this species grows as a weed in disturbed areas and along forest edges (Adams, 1972; Broome et al., 2007; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). Online Database. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. These stems bear pairs of oppositely arranged leaves that have stalks (i.e. Space JC; Waterhouse BM; Newfield M; Bull C, 2004. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Plants of Hawaii. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during summer and autumn. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au Phylogenetic relationships among Acanthaceae: evidence from two genomes. Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011. Compendium record. In Jamaica and Puerto Rico, this species has been recorded flowering and fruiting throughout the year (Adams, 1972; Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005). it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Wu TL, 2001. 7. White thunbergia is not a prohibited or restricted invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014, however everyone has a general biosecurity obligation (GBO) to take reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risks associated with invasive plants and animals under their control. Daniel TF, 2005. its distinctive fruit capsule is topped with a long, thick, beak. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. peduncles) emanating from the leaf forks (i.e. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to India and other parts of Asia. the Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Hawaii, Niue, Western Samoa, Vanuata and Tonga). (Flora de Antioquia.) The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. Zuloaga FO; Morrone O; Belgrano MJ; Marticorena C; Marchesi E, 2008. Stems cylindrical, striate, slender, puberulous. Thunbergia fragrans. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii. Balick MJ, Nee M, Atha DE, 2000. In: Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 107 1-3348. T. fragrans has been widely used as an ornamental for its attractive flowers (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.40. Calyx green, of 15-20 sepals, lanceolate, 3-5 mm long; corolla white, infundibuliform, with 5 lobes, the tube 2.5-4 cm long, narrow at the base, yellow inside, the limb 4-5 cm in diameter. PIER, 2014. Proceedings of the California Academy of Science, 61:289-377. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Copyright © 2016. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Figure 4: Thunbergia fragrans. In: Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). Statistics. Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. (Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela)., Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Josekutty PC; Wakuk EE; Joseph MJ, 2002. Stems cylindrical, striate, slender, puberulous. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Seeds and plant fragments can be spread in dumped garden waste, and by water, soil movement, garden tools, and vehicles (Starr et al., 2003; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). In China, T. fragrans has been recorded flowering from August to January and fruiting from November to March (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). Furthermore, Thunbergioideae lack the retinaculate fruits found in most Acanthaceae species, instead possessing either dry and/or dehiscent capsules without retinacula (Borg et al., 2008). Volume 2. According to Brickell and Zuk (1997), Thunbergia species are susceptible to spider mites, whiteflies, and scale insects. It is commonly grown as an ornamental, being valued especially for its large, violet or white flowers[ It has become an exotic weed in many tropical countries. Diversity and Distributions. T. fragrans also spreads vegetatively by cuttings, stem fragments, and roots (Starr et al., 2003; PIER, 2014). as an ornamental), with stem fragments and seeds subsequently being spread in dumped garden waste. National Tropical Botanical Garden, 2:290. T. fragrans is an herbaceous vine, twining, 2-3 m in length. In: Micronesica Supplement, 6 61-65. Flora of the Solomon Islands. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. The PLANTS Database. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Correa A; Galdames MDC; Stapf MNS, 2004. It is native to India and Southern Asia but widespread in the tropics including Florida Hawaii, Australia, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Caribbean and Indian Ocean islands, southern Africa and Central America. Lo) H.P. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/thunbergia_fragrans.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. Beautés fatales: Acanthaceae species as invasive alien plants on tropical Indo-Pacific islands. PIER, 2014. Propagation is from stem cuttings or shoots from the tuberous roots. The purple flowers have a yellow throat and grow to 1 1/4 inches long and may appear Meyer JY; Lavergne C, 2004. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Molecular phylogenetics and morphological evolution of Thunbergioideae (Acanthaceae). This article is copyrighted by Ital is Vital, 2020. It is reported to be restricted to zone 10 and south. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay)). Acanthaceae or Crossandra or Thunbergia family Light: Sun growing, Semi shade Water: Normal, Can tolerate more Primarily grown for: Flowers Flowering season: January, February, March Flower or Inflorescence color: Various colored flowers available viz., Yellow, Orange, Red Foliage color: Green Plant Height or length: Daniel TF, 1995. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. , 2012. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive Plant Species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Traditional uses of these five species as medicinal, ornamental, vegetable, cultural significance and as other uses have also been highlighted in the enumeration section of the paper. The family Acanthaceae includes about 221 genera and 4000 species widespread in both New and Old World Tropics (Scotland and Vollesen, 2000; Stevens, 2012). Considering that T. fragrans spreads sexually by seeds and vegetatively by cuttings, stem fragments, and roots, the likelihood of invading and colonizing new habitats remains high. T. fragrans dies to the ground for the winter but returns every summer in Gainesville FL z9a, and produces flowers right up until frost. The generic name honors Carl Peter Thunberg. Beautés fatales: Acanthaceae species as invasive alien plants on tropical Indo-Pacific islands. A low-growing, slender-stemmed, spreading creeper or climbing vine. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). Daniel T F, 2001. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, 2004. USDA-ARS, 2014. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Thunbergia fragrans subsp. 273 pp. var. An excellent book, giving information on over 200 plants, their medicinal compounds and applications. Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station. All plants segments and roots have to be removed in order to avoid re-sprouts. The subfamily Thunbergioideae comprise five genera, the largest of which, Thunbergia, contains about 100 species restricted to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Madagascar, Asia, and Australia (McDade et al., 2000; Borg et al., 2008). Daniel T F, 2005. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. Cui, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Naturalised overseas in south-eastern USA (i.e. Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. English name(s): White Thunbergia, Thunbergia White gem Description: Climber, scabrous. The American Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. var. pentstemonoides (Nees) T. Anderson, Thunbergia coccinea Wall., Thunbergia fragrans Roxb.

thunbergia fragrans medicinal uses

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