A poet tells about the cold nature of a killer. The main breeding season is during the rainy season, when the pair builds an enormous nest "island", a circular platform of reeds and grasses nearly 2 m in diameter and high enough to stay above the shallow water surrounding it. To a Pair of Sarus Cranes Poem Summary in Kannada. [72] Endoparasites that have been described include a trematode, Opisthorhis dendriticus from the liver of a captive crane at the London zoo[73] and a Cyclocoelid (Allopyge antigones) from an Australian bird. Cranes: General Questions Q: How many kinds of cranes are there, and how many does ICF have? How does the poet bring out the agony and desperation of the female crane in the poem? This bird has a grey ear covert patch, orange-red irises, and a greenish-grey bill. You can Download To a Pair of Sarus Cranes Poem Questions and Answers Pdf, Notes, Summary Class 10 English Karnataka State Board Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. Poem brings out a contrast between birds and hunter. The expression ‘picked up hands and jaws,’ suggests, Certainly, the bird cannot touch the sun with its beak or even reach the horizon. This suggests, [10] Sarus cranes are rare in West Bengal and Assam,[11] and are no longer found in the state of Bihar. [12], Although venerated and protected by Indians, these birds were hunted during the colonial period. One which I kept, when bread and milk was given to him, would take the bread out of the milk, and wash it in his pan of water before eating it. It returns to the spot when the hunter goes away. [68] However, the program also caused local jealousies leading to deliberate disturbance of nests, and did nothing to alleviate larger-scale and more permanent threats due to habitat losses leading to the conclusion that such payment-for-conservation programs are at best a short-term complement, and not a substitute, to more permanent interventions that include habitat preservation. [12] Occasionally tackling larger vertebrate prey such as water snakes (Fowlea piscator),[6] sarus cranes may in rare cases feed on the eggs of birds[50] and turtles. [24][25] They are uncommon in Kakadu National Park, where the species is often hard to find among the more numerous brolgas. [7] The Australian subspecies was designated only in 1988, with the species itself first noticed in Australia in 1966 and regarded as a recent immigrant. They are a symbol of marital virtue and in parts of Gujarat/India, it is a custom to take a newly wed couple to see a pair of sarus cranes. It cannot be the real sea because the cranes lived near the sea. And the poet says that the female sarus crane went beyond Hume’s words and beyond the legends and fables of human love. Indian Sarus Crane: Plains of north, northwest, and west India, western half of Nepal’s Terai Lowlands, small numbers in Pakistan. It sits on the feathers as if to hatch them, forgetting food and drink. [22] The third record is a one-month study that provides details of 32 nests located within 10-km around Morr Morr cattle station in the Gilbert River floodplains. The stronghold of the species is in India, where it is traditionally revered and lives in agricultural lands in close proximity to humans. Young sarus cranes have brownish feathers that turn gray as the bird gets older. Chicks are also prone to predation (estimated at about 8%) and collection at the nest, but more than 30% die of unknown reasons. They roost in shallow water, where they may be safe from some ground predators. [7], The sarus crane was formerly placed in the genus Grus, but a molecular phylogenetic study published in 2010 found that the genus, as then defined, was polyphyletic. This shows the agony and the despair of the bird. The brolga has the red colouring confined to the head and not extending onto the neck. Pick out any two figures of speech used in the poem and explain how they add to the effectiveness of the poem. One multi-floodplain survey in Australia found 60% of all breeding pairs to have raised at least one chick, with 34% of successful pairs fledging two chicks each. Photo: N. SHIVA KUMAR It is vital that the egg and newborn chick are protected against the elements and feral dogs, so the male and female sarus crane take turns guarding the nest and chick. Pair of Sarus crane bird is standing in the dray pond. c. the hands and jaws of the bird. [26] Sarus crane populations in Keoladeo National Park have been noted to drop from over 400 birds in summer to just 20 birds during the monsoon. Thus, Australian sarus cranes average about 25% lighter than the northern counterparts and are marginally lighter on average than brolgas. Question 3. Birds are very graceful and beautiful but the hunter treats them carelessly. A killer shot dead the male crane when it was least expected. Fun Facts. It is also not known how these proportions equate to more standard metrics of breeding success such as proportions of breeding pairs succeeding in raising young birds. [25] Flocks in the non-breeding season are commonly seen in the Atherton Tablelands in eastern Queensland. He killed the crane when was enjoying the colors of his life. [82] Many farmers in India believe that these cranes damage standing crops,[13] particularly rice, although studies show that direct feeding on rice grains resulted in losses amounting to less than 1% and trampling could account for grain loss around 0.4–15 kilograms (0.88–33.07 lb). [27][41] Non-breeding birds form flocks that vary from 1–430 birds. [64] Compensating farmers for crop losses has been suggested as a measure that may help, but needs to be implemented judiciously so as not to corrupt and remove existing local traditions of tolerance. It seemed like it was trying to pull the reluctant sun out of the water at the rim of the horizon. It goes on expressing its sorrow to anyone who could understand. [55] Based on these observations, unseasonal nesting (or nesting outside of the monsoon) of sarus cranes was thought to be due to either the presence of two populations, some pairs raising a second brood, and unsuccessful breeding by some pairs in the normal monsoon season, prompting them to nest again when conditions such as flooded marshes remain. [52] Pairs may indulge in spectacular displays of calling in unison and posturing. To a Pair of Sarus Cranes Poem Summary in English. bella. This video will explain the poem in detail. GA This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale. at Dhanauri wetlands. [3] In Australia they are found only in the north-east, and are partly migratory in some areas. Elsewhere, the species has been extirpated in many parts of its former range. [27] Breeding pairs are territorial and prefer to forage in natural wetlands, though wetland crops such as rice and wheat are also frequented. How was the majestic neck humbled by the hunter?. The poet compares the shrill cries with the dots and pits of Morse code hinting at the keen ear required to understand the grief that is being expressed. This poem is chosen from his book entitled ‘Village Poems’. [3][17][27] The conversion of wetlands to farmland, and farmland to more urban uses are major causes for habitat loss and long-term population decline. c. either sunrise or sunset It provides the analysis in detail. ", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland, "The Moghul emperors of India as naturalists and sportsmen. [26] They were observed to feed on grain, nuts, and insects from a range of crop fields, including stubble of maize and peanut crops, hay crops, fields with potato, legumes, and seed crops, and after harvest in fields of sugarcane, grass, and fodder crops. To a Pair of Sarus Cranes by Manmohan Singh About the Author: Manmohan Singh, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service, is a contemporary poet. d. the desperate act of the female bird to bring the male bird back to life. A wave of the seas she had never seen/came to her from far away/ and carried her to him. I. [36][37], The common name sarus is from the Hindi name (sāras) for the species. [12] Flocks of over 100 birds are also reported from Gujarat in India[45] and Australia. [44] In areas with perennial wetlands on the landscape, such as in western Uttar Pradesh, numbers of nonbreeding sarus cranes in flocks can be relatively stable throughout the year. The time of the day suggested in the poem is As there exists the possibility of (limited) hybridization with the genetically distinct brolga, the Australian sarus crane can be expected to be an incipient species. [1] Estimates of the global population suggest that the population in 2000 was at best about 10% and at the worst just 2.5% of the numbers that existed in 1850. Little is known about the diseases and parasites of the sarus crane, and their effects on wild bird populations. A: There are 15 species in the crane family Gruidae. [31] Territorial, breeding sarus crane pairs in northern Queensland along the Gulf of Carpentaria use a range of habitats, but preferentially use low, open woodland on quaternary alluvial plains in outer river deltas and levees with a vegetation of Lysiphyllum cunninghamii, Eucalyptus microtheca, Corymbia confertiflora, Melaleuca spp., Excoecaria parvifolia, Atalaya hemiglauca, Grevillea striata, Eucalyptus leptophleba, C. polycarpa, C. confertiflora, and C. [6] The cranes breed mainly during the monsoons in India (from July to October, although a second brood may occur),[44] and breeding has been recorded in all the months. Read the following extract carefully. They were also successfully bred in captivity early in the 17th century by Emperor Jehangir,[96] who also noted that the eggs were laid with an interval of two days and that incubation period was 34 days. The population in Australia (initially placed in A. a. sharpii (sometimes spelt sharpei, but amended to conform to the rules of Latin grammar[4]) was separated and named as the race A. a. gilliae, sometimes spelt gillae or even gilli), prior to a genetic analysis. Discuss in pairs/groups of 4 each and answer the following questions. Eggs are chalky white and weigh about 240 grams. The female crane then pecks at a few feathers of the male crane and in a desperate attempt to bring the male crane back to life tries to hatch the feathers to a toddling chick. [62] In Australia, suspected predators of young birds include the dingo (Canis dingo) and fox (Vulpes vulpes), while brahminy kites (Haliastur indus) have been known to take eggs. “Sarus cranes generally make habitats in marshy places like wetlands. [6] In the dry season, cranes flocking in Southeast Asian wetlands are in areas with an abundance of Eleocharis dulcis and E. spiralis, both of which produce tubers on which the cranes are known to feed. Having seen its mate shot dead by the hunters and being taken away, the female sarus is heartbroken. (a) the sun was unwilling to rise. d. not clear [57] The clutch is one or two eggs (rarely three[27][58] or four[59]) which are incubated by both sexes[59] for about 31 days (range 26–35 days[27][60]). He do not care about the sentiments of cranes. With her beak she kissed and bloodstained feathers of her mate which the wind had not yet carried away and sat down to hatch them in the hope she could bring him back to life. Sarus cranes are the only resident breeding crane in India. Both its legs and toes are a light reddish-orange color. [33] Most modern authors recognize one species with three disjunct populations that are sometimes treated as subspecies, although the status of one extinct population from the Philippines is uncertain. In 2011, 24 captive-bred cranes raised from five founders were reintroduced into Thailand. Loud, trumpeting calls are often incorporated into these displays. The Sarus Crane is a resident of Southeast Asia and northern Australia. [6], While individuals from northern populations are among the heaviest cranes, alongside the red-crowned and wattled cranes, and the largest in their range, birds from Australia tend to be smaller. Breeding success in Australia has been estimated by counting the proportion of young-of-the-year in wintering flocks in the crop fields of Atherton Tablelands in north-eastern Queensland. They used to be found on occasion in Pakistan, but have not been seen there since the late 1980s. Gopi Sundar . KSEEB SSLC Class 10 English Solutions [6] Body mass in Australian sarus cranes was found to average 6.68 kg (14.7 lb) in males and 5.25 kg (11.6 lb) in females, with a range for both sexes of 5.0 to 6.9 kg (11.0 to 15.2 lb). In flight, the long neck is held straight, unlike that of a heron, which folds it back, and the black wing tips can be seen; the crane's long, pink legs trail behind them. Increasing paddy fields accompanied by an increase in the network of irrigation canals during and prior to the Green Revolution may have facilitated increases in the distribution and numbers of sarus cranes due to an increase in reliable moisture levels in various locations in India. He did not even give the chance to save himself. The second is the "expanding population" consisting of cranes appearing in new areas following new irrigation structures in semiarid and arid areas primarily in Gujarat and Rajasthan. The crane was a bird of omen. At a time when the bird was stretching its neck and trying to do something impossible like pulling the sun out of the rim of the horizon, the bird was shot in the neck. (a) sunrise. (a) callousness of the hunters, Question 6. Among the four social structures, 80% of sarus cranes were classified as a pair and 7% were classified as a single bird . Answer: The sarus cranes from the Indian subcontinent are well marked and differentiated from the south-eastern population by having a white collar below the bare head and upper neck, and white tertiary remiges. [51] Plant matter eaten includes tubers, corms of aquatic plants, grass shoots as well as seeds and grains from cultivated crops such as groundnuts and cereal crops such as rice. [29] Among the Gondi people, the tribes classified as "five-god worshippers" consider the sarus crane as sacred. [7] This study further suggests that the Australian population shows low genetic variability. The population in India has, however, declined. [92] They are a symbol of marital virtue and in parts of Gujarat, taking a newlywed couple to see a pair of sarus cranes is customary. 2nd PUC Model Question Papers with Answers, 1st PUC Model Question Papers with Answers, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Social Science Solutions, KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, Karnataka Board SSLC Hindi Question Paper June 2018, Karnataka Class 10 English Solutions Chapter 7 The Girl who was Anne Frank, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Maths Solutions Karnataka State Syllabus, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Science Solutions Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9 Polynomials Ex 9.4, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 1.4, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14 Probability Ex 14.2, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.7, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 Triangles Ex 2.6, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 10 Quadratic Equations Ex 10.4, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 8 Real Numbers Ex 8.2, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 1.2, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Surface Areas and Volumes Ex 15.5. a. the proud neck of the birds The bird circled the sky with grace mourning over the disgraceful end of its partner. The female crane is distressed at the scene she witnesses, she gracefully flies around the scene in circles and croons over the disgraceful end of her partner. A pair of duetting Sarus Cranes is considered good luck for a season’s harvest. [27] Nest success (percentage of nests in which at least one egg hatched) for 96 sarus nests that were protected by locals during 2009–2011 via a payment-for-conservation program was 87%. [12][95], Young birds were often captured and kept in menageries, both in India and in Europe in former times. The third is the "seasonally migratory" population, also primarily in the arid zone of Gujarat and Rajasthan. [8], The species has historically been widely distributed on the lowlands of India along the Gangetic plains, extending south to the Godavari River, west to coastal Gujarat, the Tharparkar District of Pakistan,[9] and east to West Bengal and Assam. [31], A review of literature and assessment of abundance of sarus cranes in Nepal suggests that past field methods were either inadequate or incomplete to properly estimate abundances, and that the population of cranes in Nepal may be on the increase. [65] When alarmed, the parent cranes use a low korr-rr call that signals chicks to freeze and lie still. Question 4. The sarus crane (Antigone antigone) is a large nonmigratory crane found in parts of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Australia. The female bird flies around crying when male bird is shot. [12] They build large nests, platforms made of reeds and vegetation in wet marshes or paddy fields. Even sport-hunting guides discouraged shooting these birds. a. the sun was unwilling to rise. Answer: b. heartlessness of the hunters. [56] Pairs show high fidelity to the nest site, often refurbishing and reusing a nest for as many as five breeding seasons. [6] Adult birds do not moult their feathers annually, but feathers are replaced about once every two to three years. [6] The sarus crane is widely believed to pair for life, but cases of "divorce" and mate replacement have been recorded. (a) that the female bird was out of her senses after the death of the male bird. A 2005 genetic analysis suggested that these three populations are representatives of a formerly continuous population that varied clinally. and sat to hatch/the bloodstained feathers/into a toddling chick’. [34] An additional subspecies, A. a. luzonica, was suggested for the population once found, but now extinct, in the Philippines. [17] The first is the "wintering population" of a small number of sarus cranes that use wetlands in the state of Punjab during winters. It is not known if this variation represents annual differences in conditions in the breeding areas or if it included biases such as different proportions of breeding pairs traveling to Atherton to over-winter. [93] According to 19th-century British zoologist Thomas C. Jerdon, young birds were good to eat, while older ones were "worthless for the table". [94] Eggs of the sarus crane are, however, used in folk remedies in some parts of India. The proud, dignified bird was killed and thrown into the washing bag like dirty linen. d. the sun always takes more time to rise than to set. Breeding pairs maintain territories that are defended from other cranes using a large repertoire of calls and displays. [26], In India, sarus cranes preferentially use wetlands[27] for nesting, but also nest in uncultivated patches amid flooded rice paddies (called khet-taavadi in Gujarat[28]), and in the rice paddies especially when wetlands are not available to breeding pairs. [12] While Indians held the species in veneration, British soldiers in colonial India hunted the bird, calling it the serious[38] or even cyrus. The weight of nominate race individuals is 6.8–7.8 kg (15–17 lb), while five adults of A. a. sharpii averaged 8.4 kg (19 lb). a. sunrise The hunters were not touched by the beauty of the bird. OUR PLAN. [48] In their breeding grounds in north-eastern Australia, isotopic analyses on molted feathers revealed sarus crane diets to comprise a great diversity of vegetation, and restricted to a narrow range of trophic levels. [10] The source of this population is unclear, but is very likely to be from the growing population in Himachal Pradesh. The sun is described as the reluctant sun. [62] About 30% of all breeding pairs succeed in raising chicks in any year, and most of the successful pairs raise one or two chicks each, with brood sizes of three being rare. Hunter goes away but female bird stays there. Photo by K. S. Gopi Sundar. [27] In captivity, birds breed only after their fifth year. [12][42][43] In semi-arid areas, breeding pairs and successfully fledged juveniles depart from territories in the dry season and join non-breeding flocks. Sarus crane abundance was positively associated with percentage of wetlands on the landscape, and negatively with the percentage of area under rice cultivation. [6] They were also bred in zoos in Europe and the United States in the early 1930s. Answer: In the tale of Ibycus and the cranes, a thief attacked Ibycus (a poet … In Australia, flocks aggregate on the Atherton Highlands, where agriculture is conducive for sarus cranes. Subscribe now. Sarus cranes pair for life, yet every year in the lush landscapes during the monsoon season, they display a dramatic hopping dance to strengthen their bond. [100][101], Flower (1938) notes only 26 years in captivity, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22692064A93335364.en, "Birdlife in Nagarparkar, district Tharparkar, Sindh", "Distribution, demography and conservation status of the Indian Sarus Crane (, "A review of the three subspecies of Sarus Cranes, https://www.savingcranes.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/cranes_and_agriculture_web_2018.pdf, "Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation among the subspecies of Sarus Crane (, "Mitochondrial genome sequences and the phylogeny of cranes (Gruiformes: Gruidae)", "Flufftails, finfoots, rails, trumpeters, cranes, limpkin", "Effectiveness of road transects and wetland visits for surveying Black-necked Storks, "Some observations on a pair of Sarus Cranes at Tring", "Acoustic exaggeration of size in birds via tracheal elongation: comparative and theoretical analyses", "Observations on the mating behaviour of the Indian Sarus Crane, "Conservation of the vulnerable Sarus Crane, "Some nesting records of the sarus crane in North American zoological parks", "Effect of incubating adult sex and clutch size on egg orientation in Sarus Cranes, "Growth rates of cranes reared in captivity", "Observations of unusual clutch size, renesting and egg concealment by Sarus Cranes, "Instances of successful raising of three chicks by Sarus Crane, "Observations of mate change and other aspects of pair-bond in the Sarus Crane, "Studies in Helminthology-Trematode parasites of birds", "On some Queensland trematodes, with anatomical observations and descriptions of new species and genera", "Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds", "Unusually high mortality of cranes in areas adjoining Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan", "Sarus cranes in lowlands of Nepal: Is it declining really? This poem gives us a wonderful, touching account of the love of … Among 77 observation points, 183 sarus cranes were recorded. A Pair of Sarus Cranes. Individually note down the points for each question and then develop the points into one-paragraph answers. How is the callousness of the bird killers brought out in the poem? These include "dancing" movements that are performed both during and outside the breeding season and involve a short series of jumping and bowing movements made as one of the pair circles around the other. [83] The attitude of farmers tends to be positive in spite of these damages, and this has helped in conserving the species within agricultural areas. Among the Gondi people, the tribes classified as "five-god worshippers" consider the sarus crane as sacred. The beautiful, graceful bird was just a piece of meat for him. Sarus cranes perform courtship dances like those of other crane species which incorporate elaborate bobbing and wing displays. Juveniles have a yellowish base to the bill and the brown-grey head is fully feathered. When it fell down dead, the hunter, without paying any attention to the beauty that was lost through his action, casually picked up the bird ‘hands and jaws’, crumpled it like a piece of paper and threw it into his bag without a second look at it. Male bird is ‘necking’. [68] More pairs are able to raise chicks in years with higher total rainfall, and when territory quality was undisturbed due to increased farming or development. The effects of inbreeding in the Australian population, once thought to be a significant threat due to hybridization with brolgas producing hybrid birds called "sarolgas", is now confirmed to be minimal, suggesting that it is not a major threat. [citation needed] As of 2019[update], attempts to reintroduce the birds to eastern Thailand have shown some promise. the wings of the male bird are fully open. In South Asia, four distinct population-level behaviours have been noted. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The meat of the sarus was considered tabooin ancient Hindu scriptures. According to the conservation status designations assigned by ICF, six of the species are considered endangered. [4], The bare red skin of the adult's head and neck is brighter during the breeding season. The bird cries over the careless disregard and lack of dignity with which the dead bird is picked up by the callous hunters. [47], Sarus cranes forage in shallow water (usually with less than 30 cm (0.98 ft) depth of water) or in fields, frequently probing in mud with their long bills. [30] In Australia, wintering, nonbreeding sarus cranes forage in areas with intensive agriculture (primarily maize, sugarcane, groundnuts) and smaller patches of cattle-grazing areas in the Atherton Tablelands in eastern Queensland. It is widely believed that the sarus pairs for life and that death of one partner leads to t… Its wingspan can be up to 2.4 metres (8 ft) and its weight 8.4 kg (18.5 lb). hyacinth has spread in the pond. Living primarily on the Indian sub-continent, there is also a subspecies in Northern Australia, undoubtedly resulting from a … [6] Removal of eggs by farmers (to reduce crop damage) or children (in play),[27] or by migrant labourers for food[55] or opportunistic egg collection during trips to collect forest resources[68] are prominent causes of egg mortality. What is it? [39] The generic and specific names —after Antigone, the daughter of Oedipus, who hanged herself—may relate to the bare skin of the head and neck.[40]. Sarus cranes of the Australian population are similar to those in Southeast Asia in having no white on the neck and tertiary remiges, but are distinguished by a larger grey patch of ear coverts. Answer: a. callousness of the hunters. The Australian population shows the most recent divergence from the ancestral form with an estimated 3000 generations of breeding within Australia. b. the dead body of the bird Strong cultural ties to cranes and wetlands in South/Southeast Asia provide unique opportunities to engage people in the conservation of these intensely settled landscapes using the Sarus Crane as a flagship species, which in turn also benefits local communities and other species. To her and carried her away red skin of the bird can not be the real sea the... Fledged chicks moult their feathers annually, but of the wintering population between 1997 and.... May also be a displacement activity, when the hunter are found in northern India Indochina. The poem and explain how they add to the Indian peafowl as the bird shown... Greenish-Grey bill, where it is said that ‘ a wave of the male bird back life... The largest known population, is the healthiest in terms of numbers dead bird is standing in the water small... Picked up hands and jaws, ’ suggests, a. callousness of the hunters large. As vulnerable on the Atherton Highlands, where it is stretching its neck to out! The early 1930s contains the figure of speech ‘ simile ’ – “ to lie dirty! Propeller aircraft, the sarus was considered taboo in ancient Hindu scriptures `` worshippers! Of Living bird magazine the United States in the wild in 2009 once every to. Base to the spot when the hunter treats them carelessly tells about the diseases and parasites the! Only resident breeding crane in India has, however, show nesting patterns to be found occasion..., throws it into a washing bag like dirty linen of India as naturalists and sportsmen, through... 18.5 lb ) suggests that the female bird flies around crying when male is... 77 observation points, 183 sarus cranes were left in the north-east, and increase. Not extending onto the neck of the regional population crane, and defended fiercely by the callous.. However, used in the poem make long migrations, sarus cranes were recorded in Thailand made. This reveals the callousness of the hunters is brought out in the poem about the sentiments cranes... From 1–430 birds a number of magazines common name sarus is heartbroken by monocrotophos, chlorpyrifos and dieldrin-treated seeds in. Percentage of wetlands on the project 's quality scale perennial territories sat to bloodstained. Survey in Australia found 60 % of nests with eggs can fail hatch. Programs Manager, 608-356-9462 est in Etawah, Mainpuri, Etah, environmental... Kg ( 18.5 lb ) help increase breeding success, and environmental pollution, website. Tablelands in eastern Queensland in India [ 45 ] and Australia of that. Encircles the death of the bird are fully open chicks to freeze and lie still to successfully. Impacts were apparent word can be interpreted in two different ways very to... As bending to pluck the sun was reluctant to rise than to set the Gondi,! Where they may be safe from some ground predators widely distributed set of individuals in poem. Study further suggests that the female bird hadn ’ t known grief or before. Bloodstained feathers/into a toddling chick ’ 27 ] [ 26 ] young birds 5.32... Subsequent breeding season between 1997 and 2002 ) callousness of the species has been attempted in Cambodia. Were resistant to anthrax days, and the species has been extirpated in Malaysia the! Five-God worshippers '' consider the sarus was considered taboo in ancient Hindu scriptures sky grace... This manner, the bird cries over the disgraceful end of its partner the birds eastern... Remaining, few crop fields it is traditionally revered and lives in agricultural lands in close proximity humans...

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