Dioscorea polystachya in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The leaves are up to 4.5 inches long and wide and are green and heart-shaped. Cut your yam root into chunks about the size of a peach, dip them in ashes, then plant them. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). While looking at Ebay for Dioscorea Alata I ran across Dioscorea Trifida, the cush-cush yam. they used the same picture for the chinese yams as for the purple yams lol 56 sold….sad. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Plant database entry for Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) with 10 images, one comment, and 17 data details. Skin irritation from handling the uncooked tubers; irritation and burning of the mouth, lips, tongue and throat. Check this out: I don’t know what that tastes like but I want to eat it. It’s not quite that simple. Excellent article. I just ordered some dioscorea alata off eBay and will put them in the ground when they get here. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … First of all, Thank You for posting about one of the things you’re obviously so very passionate about! Last year, I had a little success and enjoyed some. I got my small spade out and dug the “purple yam” up for inspection just to see that it looked like it was literally rotting/getting soggy. Cinnamon vine is another commonly used name for Dioscorea polystachya. Imp. Way easier, though not as good in salsa. I pulled this one from beneath a tree in some crummy sand and clay in Summerfield, Florida when I was out wild foraging: Speaking of wild foraging, the invasiveÂ Dioscorea bulbiferaÂ or “air potato” can be found all over the place but it’s not safe to eat. The shiny green heart shaped leaves hang on vines that twine rapidly to 20'. I would love to have more information about her or her family, but I haven’t had any luck.). The Top 5 Best Garden Hoes How To Grow Yams Growing Arrowroot Get Rid of Squirrels Florida native pawpaws: an interview with Terri […]. I bought a small chunk from the Asian market and it ended up sprouting up a super long purple vine. You are saying that the Bulbifera variety has both edible and non-edible varieties? I’ve been eating yamsÂ daily since we harvested 2015’s crop. Soc. Maybe interview a chayote farmer. They are different from the wild forms growing around Florida. So you are saying that the air potatoes , the little things that look like miniature irish potatoes are not edible ? NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. I had told you earlier in the year in a post above that I thought the cold snap had killed them off. Try mulching heavily when you try again. These can be as much as 3' long so one baked with sour cream and chives should be a meal in itself. The skin’s all wrong. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou.Moscow 10(7):158. Tempest in a Teapot Meets Jack Broccoli; Plus, Rain! Look at these: You can bet that’s not just one year’s growth. The vines came up and looked gorgeous until the frost nipped them back in December. I am really looking forward to your insight on this one. Some of them do but many do not. Yes – I’ve grown it before. I left some in a plastic bag once and they did just that, so I ended up chopping them up and planting them instead of putting them on the table for dinner. (That’s an old newspaper photo I own of St. Pete resident Helen Parkey back in the 70s. Most people confuse yams with sweet potatoes but they are not the same crop at all. PlantLinks to other web pages about Dioscorea polystachya I welcome comments about my web pages; feel free to use the form below to leave feedback about this particular page. Propagation: Roots, bulbils, cuttings If you have a great big root, you can actually break or cut pieces off of it and the cuts will dry upÂ pretty well without ruining the rest of the root. Dioscorea spp. Dioscorea polystachya seed Categories： Vegetable Seeds You can plant the bulbetts anytime in the Spring or Summer, but I recommend planting one in a small pot with potting soil or topsoil in the late fall/early winter, cover it with some shredded leaves or a thin … Soc. I am considering buying some more “purple yam” off of Ebay and trying it again but it is expensive on Ebay. Sounds like the cold got to it. The plant is not self-fertile. Send photos! Either way, you’ll have something cool. Axillary clusters of small, white fragrant flowers with cinnamon fragrance in mid to late summer. Anyway, I have been excited about seeing my vines come back up but as of yet I have not seen any live action. Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya or Dioscorea batatas) is an ornamental vine that is native to Asia. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. I have had the exact same problem with chayote – I’m not sure what is going on with them. Foliage The leaves are alternate proximally but can become opposite as they advance up the vine. Yes, that is correct. It was surprising how easily yam cuttings rooted. Folks spend all their time trying to learn how to grow tomatoes; instead, they should give up and learn how to grow yams! Chinese yam is found in many habitats including forests, ravines, mountain slopes, along rivers and in disturbed areas. I have started them via cuttings, but that doesn’t help the root development. Come down here and loot in the next week or so. It occasionally flowers in small axillary clusters. form a strategic partnership called N.C. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540105.2019.1674786, https://www.etsy.com/listing/548940446/10-rarely-produced-seeds-mountain-yam?ref=yr_purchases, oh and I think they are lying about where they are shipping from and it’s coming from china….shame shame, adding to the above…oh and they have a listing on ebay saying they are selling purple yam seeds…the listing says this is what your plants will look like. Okay…thanks David. Warty round bulbils grow in the leaf axis from which new plants are formed. Chinese Yam, Cinnamon Vine, Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Threat Level Category; Established: Vine: Similar Species ... Air-potato and Chinese yam grow rapidly and occur on open to semi-shady sites. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Once you know how to grow yams, you’ll be eating ’em all the time. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to 8b is pretty cold, but it may overwinter with heavy mulch. 1. “contains many chemical components, such as mannan, allantoin, saponins, dopamine, batatasine, phytic acid, amino acids, glucoprotein, choline, ergosterol, campesterol and so on” If you can find yams to grow, grow them! Dascorea alata is native to wider part of Africa where it is taking as meal every day. I have a name yam which I am going plant using the miniset method you showed. It actually tasted pretty good though. But, I’d be willing to buy them from you and pay for postage and packing materials, as well!! Now that I’ve told you how to grow yams, hunt down some roots or bulbils and get planting! [24,29,50] Dioscorea oppositifolia L., misapplied The name Dioscorea oppositifolia has been consistently misapplied to Chinese yam in North America. Share. It is a perennial herbaceous vine with a thick and spindle-shaped or cylindrical underground tuber. I find that one way to preserve them is to peel and vacuum seal them. [21,43]: Dioscorea batatas Decne. What is your take on this? characteristics of Dioscorea oppositifolia, an invasive plant species in southern Illinois. Now I’m going toÂ cover growing yams and propagation here, so you, the cheapskate internet reader, can benefit from my research without buying myÂ book. I’m letting them sprout, I’m pretty sure I’ll be able to tell the difference once I see the leaves. Common Names. It now ranges from Vermont south to … Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. I don’t have any trellis or fences for them to climb. These vines grow two types of edible tubers, small aerial tubers grow where the leaves attach to the stem and a larger tap-root type tuber grows at the base of the plant. I leave in Florida and have been trying to grow yam for a while. Got a tiny little tuber. Hi, …well, let’s just say there are a LOT of yams. So far, I only have a little success growing them in pot. Cold-hardy: No, though roots live through freezes Check out my video on propagating yams here: Yams need something to climb – they’re vigorous vines and will happily shoot to the top of a tree if given half a chance. Well, I foolishly ignored your advice and tried to pull off D. Alata in my zone 6 Illinois garden. Thanks. Thanks David…I appreciate the reply…love your books from Amazon. Latin Name:Â Dioscorea spp. Do you if this yam forms bulbils? […] Does it Take An Avocado To… 4 Simple Ways to Get Rid of St…. Established populations of Chinese yam have not been found in Canada. I would not worry a bit. I usually dig yams when they’re two years old, though I got some pretty big 1-year yams this year (again, in my nicely tended garden). How widely do you space yams and malanga? !, seen you harvest purple yam and yams makes me feel as though I was back home in Jamaica! Dioscorea batatas R. Decr. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. This is a fast growing deciduous vine with nice heart-shaped leaves that makes fairly immense tubers which are eaten in Asia. David The Good May 11, 2019 - … Medicinal: Some species Any response, especially if it’s in the affirmative, would be greatly appreciated! Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Dioscorea polystachya NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. I was wondering whether “layering” techniques can be applied to the yam vine to increase root tuber, such as you would with a sprawling sweet potato vine? Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. It is moderately threatening native plant communities. (November), or should I just leave them In the house till spring. Anyway … I would like to plant them so the vines can grow up the chain link fencing around my chicken yard. Colder than that, though, I would grow Dioscorea polystachya. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) is a beautiful perennial vine with shiny heart shaped leaves and strongly cinnamon scented flowers. For the benefit of other visitors to these pages, I will list any relevant comments you leave, and if appropriate, I will update my page to correct mis-information. It is a spooky sight seeing a fields of very high rickety looking bamboo poles to support the yam vines, cemetery like look. Growing Raspberries and Blackberries in Florida. I found it growing right near a huge patch of non-edible Dioscorea bulbifera and identified it by its leaves and dangling bulbils. References  Primary references . Yams keep pretty well on the counter. Today we’ll look at how to grow yams, plus this post will serve as aÂ survival plant profile on my favorite root. hi David, my name is fire I am a Jamaican and I love watching your videos! The Great South Florida Food Forest Project. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. There are the “name” yams you get from the ethnic markets (and often from Publix supermarkets, if you have those in your area), then there are the “water yams,” also known as “winged yams” or, most properly Dioscorea alata, andÂ there are also edible forms of Dioscorea bulbiferaÂ (the dreaded “air potato”) that make airborne roots you can eat, and, of course, there’s the cold-hardy Chinese yam of “yamberry” fame, then…. It is a perennial climbing vine, native to China and East Asia. It’s no secret that I love yams. Turczaninow, N.S., 1837. The normal method of propagation is via bulbils for the varieties that produce bulbils, and via divided roots for those that do not. My edible white and purple yams are doing well…at least the vines are growing like crazy. I had good luck rooting yam cuttings in a mist house last year. If you have bulbils or minisetts available, plant them in fall, winter or early spring. The elongated tuber grows 2-3 feet long and can be eaten raw or cooked. I planted some last year and all of them died. It actually tasted pretty good though. Do you have an idea why this may not be growing or does it mean that the yam seed is bad? I’ve grown yams on fences, on trellises, on an unused clothesline and even on a pollarded sweetgum tree I used as a living trellis. Nitrogen Fixer:Â No Some species are grown JUST for their bulbils, such as the rare edible forms of Dioscorea bulbifera: Those can be cooked and consumed like potatoes and the main root stays in the ground, sending up vines and new harvests of aerial roots year after year. Let’s start first with how to propagate yams. What’s been claimed to be this particular form has always been some other mislabeled tuber. One item that I am struggling with though are the chayotes or mirlitons as the Cajuns would call them. Go figure…if you come across some sort of chayote growing miracle process then please keep me informed and I will be sure to do the same. The air potato might be a type of wild yam, but that doesn’t mean you can eat the tubers of the wild, uncultivated plant. Yams don’t root all that easily out of the vine and they always want to go up, up, up. Dioscorea polystachya Turez. Most wild strains will mess you up and there’s no safe way to figure out which, if any, you can eat. It has spread from Lousianna to Vermont and can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. I’ll try to cover the basics on how to grow yams, then get into some details on individual species. Good Morning David: Please clear something up for me. Dioscorea polystachya (cinnamon vine, Chinese yam): This white fleshed edible tuber of good flavor has a hardiness rating of Zones 5 to 10, and will remain alive in the ground overwinter, sending up handsome tall twining shoots in the spring. I still have about 100lbs left on the back porch. The roots on those are much better. The record derives from WCSP which reports it as an accepted name (record 240732 ) with original publication details: Bull. Thanks again. That’s the most common “air potato.” They have a cousin that grows in the same region, Dioscorea alata, which has edible bulbils, though they’re usually too small to bother with. Some do not. I have seen chickens around them all the time without issue. Take care down in the tropics my Green Thumbed Friend. Give it a try and see. Sweet potatoes are in the Ipomoea family, whereas yams are in the completely different Dioscorea family. The Chinese Yam (Dioscorea batatas) is a perennial vine with fragrant, cinnamon scented flowers and tubers that over-winter to be harvested at any time. BOB. Reply. Would I do better to start them in a pot and put them underneath a tree to climb up or just put them in the ground under the tree? This is good when you have a 40lb monster to consume. upon a little searching that type puts out a cocktail of chemicals in the tubers…maybe if that’s what you want…they use it in china a lot..but they are telling people to just use it like a potato! Appearance Dioscorea polystachya is an invasive herbaceous, twining vine that grows to about 16.4 ft. (5 m). The wild Dioscorea bulbifera bulbils in Florida are considered poisonous. If it can grow in the cold climate that will be great. Also, if it’s really wet, the roots will rot even in the tropics. The Hidden Danger of Straw Bale Gardening No... Grow or Die: The Good Guide to Survival Gardening, Wild Edible Chinese Yams in North Carolina. Features: Dioscorea polystachya is from the genus Dioscorea that consists of over 600 species of flowering plants. Here’s my video on that really cool species: Yams don’t need a care or watering to stay alive, though taking care of them will raise your yields and reduce the time needed until harvest. Since chickens will eat just about anything, I need to make sure I don’t plant anything within their reach will make them sick. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae ). Here in the U.S., Dioscorea bulbifera was included in a U.S. Department of Agriculture publication on alternative cash crops in 1993, taking into consideration the toxicity of the plant as well as its edibility. Type: Vining perennial Chinese yam, cinnamon vine Synonyms. Caspar May 10, 2019 - 8:37 pm. Link here: http://www.ebay.com/itm/252244647247. Thanks for the good job. Yams also make wonderful roots for the crockpot and really good French fries. SYNONYMS: for Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Five plants that look like Marijuana: a helpful... How To Identify an Edible Bolete Mushroom. I figured it would be about time for the vines to appear since the Eddoes are sprouting up all along the fence lines where I also planted the “purple yam”. Hey David another quick question. It is a tuberous perennial vine that can grow to 11 feet or more and has long-stalked, glossy green heart-shaped leaves. Dioscorea polystachya is a fast growing twining vine that has escaped from cultivation, and has the ability to rapidly invade pristine habitats, especially riparian corridors. Another method I haven’t read much about is starting yams from cuttings. Fixing the roof is more important, but my mom wrote to ask me if it will tolerate water saturated soil or if they need to just dig it up and eat it. As the growing season progresses, they start making their bulbils (if they’re a yam that does that) which mature in the fall. The arrangement is variable and may be alternately or oppositely arranged or borne in whorls. ... Chinese Yam (Dioscorea polystachya) About Chinese Yam. You can find winged yams growing wild in the SouthÂ occasionally, with no gardener in the picture. I need to find out what the deal is. Unfortunately they had a direct hit from Hurricane Michael Michaelâ. Storability:Â Excellent in ground, good on the counter Dense shading and sometimes eventual mortality of low-growing herbaceous vegetation, shrubs, and Regardless, the accepted name for now for the Chinese Yam is Dioscorea polystachya. Hi David, I am trying to find out if the LEAVES of the purple yam Dioscorea Alata are toxic. Firstly, the correct name for this plant is Dioscorea polystachya. I’m sorry it rotted out – the cold was probably too much for it. Availability: Low. My first impression of this plant was, “what is this flying mini potato?That made it somewhat easy to identify as an air potato, … Would like to hear your 2 cents on this. Hi David, I live in zone 4b of the US and was wondering if it would be possible to grow Chinese yam. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae ). Those are bitter and poisonous. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 240732 ) with original publication details: Bull. If you store them under moist conditions, they’ll start growing roots. It’s really inspiring to witness!! So maybe layering it a little before then allowing it to climb the pole. It usually lasts a few minutes. Is there another way to tell the difference between a ube yam and a purple sweet potato? Next is is an exotic invasive … The yamsÂ I grew in great garden soil with lots of compost and water made big roots in their first year; the ones I grow without any care whatsoever generally took two years to makeÂ big roots. I planted about a half-dozen in Florida one year and was lucky enough to get two survivors. M.S. D. polystachya is the one growing in North America. Here’s how to tell the difference: Since yams are a perennial crop, you can simply plant them one year and then dig themÂ a year or three later when you’re hungry. We did have a rather cold winter this year with a few nights dipping down into the high teens. No relation! !, OH you have a beautiful wife also. That method of cultivation sounds amazing. Thanks David…now that you have confessed with struggling with chayotes I do not feel as bad. Yams are only rarely grown from seeds except for breeding purposes – and if you live in the US, you’re unlikely to have a long enough warm season or proper light cycles for them to even bloom. Foliage The leaves are alternate proximally but can become opposite as they advance up the vine. Designed and Developed by PenciDesign. I purchased 1 of these last year but it never sprouted. Second, I’d like to ask, “Would you be willing to part with a few aerial tubers of your purple ube Dioscorea alata?” I’ve been searching local stores and nurseries for the “real deal” for quite some time, now. It is interesting to see you grow yam in this part of the world. Also, instead of boiling, I steam them. Yams have a growing season and a dormant season. Dioscorea polystachya. Good to diversify the crops. Where I live in Florida, they grow vigorously through spring and summer and into the fall,Â die back and eventually freeze down in the winter. be careful buying seeds for yams. How To Grow Tobacco and Why You Should... Five Easy To ID Florida Edible Wild Mushrooms.