The common name “autumn olive” may be better known than “autumnberry,” but this name is confusing and misleading. Elaeagnus angustifolia: leaf blades oblong-lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate, 3-8 times as long as wide, calyx lobes about as long as the basal connate portion, and fruit yellow or silver (vs. E. umbellata, with leaf blades elliptic to ovate-oblong, up to 3 times as long as wide, calyx lobes about 1/2 as long as the basal connate portion, and fruit red with silver scales). Japan. Brandis says the acid, somewhat astringent fruit is eaten. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) shrubs are a common sight along Massachusetts roads and at the edges of clearings and fields. Philippine Oleaster. Though the berries themselves are small (approximately the size of a red currant), the trees on which they grow are a giant problem. E. umbellata - E. umbellata is a vigorous, spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree with spiny shoots bearing ovate to oblong, wavy-margined, bright green leaves, silvery when young, and, in late spring and early summer, pale yellow to cream flowers followed by edible, silvery fruit that ripens red. Autumn Olive Introduction Autumn Olive (elaeagnus umbellata) is an invasive shrub that was introduced to the United States in the 1930s. But the berry of the autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an exception to this rule. It is abundant on the Neil-gherries, says Wight, and the fruit is edible and also makes a good tart. Oleaster Family (Elaeagnaceae) Origin: East Asia Background Autumn olive was introduced into the United States in 1830 and widely planted as an ornamental, for wildlife habitat, as windbreaks and to restore deforested and degraded lands. (Elaeagnus umbellata) Photo: Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Leaves which are silvery at first maturing to bright green on upper surface. Fruits are borne at about 6 years of age. Several species are cultivated for their fruit, including E. angustifolia, E. umbellata, and E. multiflora (gumi). Autumn olive, Elaeagnus umbellata. My lust for the celestial flavor of mature Elaeagnus umbellata berries has driven me to gobble down one too many unripe promises until my throat nearly closed up. Species. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy … Paul Nelson. One of the more useful introduced and super invasive species ravaging its way across north america wreaking havoc in its path is the Autumn Olive or Autumn Berry Elaeagnus umbellata. See more ideas about Autumn olive, Plants, Shrubs. Its flavor is almost universally liked. A member of the Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb is also known by its common name of Autumn Olive. Branches have sharp, woody, thorn-like spurs. Autumn berries, also known as the autumn olive, are the small red fruit of the autumn olive tree (Elaeagnus umbellata), which was imported from Asia to North America as an ornamental tree in the 1830s. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster) family. Its berries can weigh branches to the ground. The young shoots and branches of this wild plant are clothed with white scales, imparting a very attractive silvery appearance. Getting to Know the Autumnberry / Autumn Olive. They provide silvery or frosted leaves, fragrant flowers, and edible (sometimes colorful) fruit to the garden. The fruit of the Philippine oleaster has the taste of the best cherries. Elaeagnus umbellata . Elaeagnus umbellata has green to grey-green foliage with silvery undersides. It attains a height up to 3.5m. Elaeagnus Elaeagnus. Roadsides and other neglected areas are the perfect places to find autumn olive, along with anywhere else a bird might have carried the seed. Edible. It is impossible to over-harvest. Autumn Olive. And, best of all, hardly anyone knows it is edible. oleaster. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and … Latin name: Elaeagnus umbellata Synonyms: Elaeagnus crispa Family: Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster Family) Medicinal use of Autumn Olive: The flowers are astringent, cardiac and stimulant. Apr 7, 2019 - Silverberry, oleaster, autumn olive, Russian olive, cherry olive, goumi. The expressed oil from the seeds is used in the treatment of pulmonary affections. Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is drought-resistant. Elaeagnus umbellata. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It can fix Nitrogen. Other Common Name: Japanese Silverberry. Philippine Islands. What is Autumn Olive(Elaeagnus umbellata)?According to Wikipedia,Elaeagnus umbellata, is known as Japanese silverberry, umbellata oleaster,autumn olive, autumn elaeagnus or spreading oleaster.The species is indigenous to eastern Asia and ranges from the Himalayas eastwards to Japan.Because it fixes atmospheric nitrogen in its roots, it often grows vigorously and … A little patience, however, and the autumn olive harvest arrives as a timely, gracious gift––the most abundant, ambrosial, nutritious berry this corner of the globe now has to offer. The native Shepherdia species are also similar, but have opposite leaves where Elaeagnus species have alternate leaves.
2020 elaeagnus umbellata edible